The area has been settled since prehistoric times, evidenced by archaeological excavations in the locality of Santa Barbara.
It is believed to be the site of the ancient Greek city of Neapolis of Apulia, not mentioned by any extant records but attested by many coins.
Remains of the Roman domination include the bridge on the Via Traiana.
The oldest part of the town rises up on a rocky spur overlooking the Adriatic Sea at 33 kilometers to the south of Bari. The country's economy is mainly based on tourism, agriculture and fishing. Of remarkable naturalistic interest are its marine caves and historically important are the old town centre and the remains of Roman domination. Among the latter, the bridge of the Via Traiana, which is still viable and running through Lama Monachile.